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CNIAR IAR-36 / ICAR Comercial / ICAR M 36
Messerschmitt M 36 / BFW M 36
BFW negotiations with the Romanian company ICAR (Intrepindere Pentru Constructii Aeronautice) led to a contract for the development by ICAR of an M-36 transport aircraft for 6 passengers. ICAR designated it the ICAR 36; Messerschmitt, working at BFW referred to it as the M 36. According to the project, the Messerschmitt designed aircraft was to be equipped with a French Gnome et Rhone 14 K engine with 450 hp. However, in order to save money, the Romanians chose a less powerful Armstrong Siddeley Serval (350 hp).
The ICAR 36 was a high-wing cantilever monoplane of mixed construction, with a closed cockpit, single engine, and fixed landing gear. It had a welded steel tube fuselage, covered with plywood, and tapered single-spar, plywood-covered wings. The crew of two sat in the cockpit, forward of the wing, which was equipped with a radio and could be fitted with twin controls. The cabin for six passengers, with wide rectangular windows and access doors at the rear, was aft and below the cockpit / wings. There were also two baggage compartments.
The aircraft successfully completed tests at the end of 1934 after some modifications. Possibly six aircraft were built.
One example was built for the LARES airline on the domestic routes of Romaniaincluding the Bucharest to Cernauti.The aircraft (YR-ACS) was built, later modified with a cabin for five passengers and two luggage compartments. Initially fitted with a 280 kW (380 hp) Armstrong Siddeley Serval I ten-cylinder radial engine in a NACA cowling, which was, in turn, replaced with a 220 kW (300 hp) Lorraine 7M Mizar 47, driving a three-bladed propeller. The fixed landing gear was supported by long faired vertical struts to the wings, with teardrop spats over the mainwheels and a tailwheel at the end of the fuselage.
I.C.A.R. 36 Comercial
Engine: 1 × Armstrong Siddeley Serval I, 250 kW (340 hp)
Wingspan: 15.4 m (50 ft 6 in)
Wing area: 30.50 m2
Length: 9.8 m (32 ft 2 in)
Height: 2.8 m (9 ft 2 in)
Empty weight: 1,320 kg (2,910 lb)
Gross weight: 2,250 kg (4,960 lb)
Maximum speed: 235 km/h (146 mph, 127 kn)
Cruise speed: 220 km/h (140 mph, 120 kn)
Stall speed: 89 km/h (55 mph, 48 kn)
Range: 700 km (430 mi, 380 nmi)
Service ceiling: 4,500 m (14,800 ft)
Crew: two
Capacity: six / 960 kg (2,120 lb) payload
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