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 Auster J/2 Arrow / J/3 Atom
The Auster J/2 Arrow was designed as a successor to the pre-war Taylorcraft Plus C monoplane. A development aircraft, a side-by-side two-seater first flew in 1946 powered by Lycoming O-145-B3 flat four air-cooled engined.
The J/2 Arrow was similar to the Autocrat but had a shorter fuselage, reduced window area and no flaps.
Import restrictions on the sale in the United Kingdom (UK) of American-built engines resulted in most of the 44 aircraft completed by Auster Aircraft Limited at Rearsby, Leicestershire, England, being exported, mainly to Australia. In later life, examples were re-imported to the UK, where several examples remained active in 2011.
The J/2C Super Arrow was a Model J/2 fitted with a 125 h.p. Continental C-125-2 powerplant with enclosed cowling.
With import restrictions on American engines it was decided to fit a 90 hp Cirrus Minor I to an J/2 Arrow airframe. This version, which also flew in 1946, went on to become the J/4 Archer.
The J/3 Atom was an attempt to create a lower-powered version of the J-2 Arrow. A modified Arrow was flown with a 65 hp Continental A65-12 engine and designated the J/3 Atom. Only the prototype, registered G-AHSY c/n 2250, first flying in 1946, was built as the aircraft was not developed further. Another example G-AJIJ (c/n 2401) was not completed.
The sole J/3 was dismantled at Rearsby in 1950 and was rebuilt to J/4 standard with a new registration G-AJYX and c/n 2941. It crashed near Melton Mowbray on 22 April 1951 after a pilotless take-off from Rearsby. The Continental A65 engine had been replaced by a 95 hp Blackburn Cirrus Minor II. This aircraft has since been deregistered by the CAA.
J/2 Arrow
Engine: Continental C75-12, 75 hp (56 kW)
Wingspan: 36 ft 0 in (10.97 m)
Wing area: 185 sq ft (17.2 m2)
Length: 22 ft 9 in (6.93 m)
Height: 6 ft 6 in (1.98 m) (tail down, propeller horizontal)
Empty weight: 872 lb (396 kg)
Gross weight: 1,450 lb (658 kg)
Maximum speed: 98 mph (158 km/h, 85 kn)
Cruise speed: 87 mph (140 km/h, 76 kn)
Stall speed: 35 mph (56 km/h, 30 kn)
Range: 320 mi (510 km, 280 nmi)
Service ceiling: 10,000 ft (3,000 m)
Rate of climb: 430 ft/min (2.2 m/s)
Seats: 2
J/2C Super Arrow
Engine: Continental C-125-2, 125 h.p.
J/3 Atom
Engine: 1 × Continental A65
Wingspan: 36 ft (11 m)
Wing area: 185 sq ft (17.2 m2)
Length: 25 ft 3 in (7.70 m)
Height: 6 ft 6 in (1.98 m)
Max takeoff weight: 1,601 lb (726 kg)
Crew: 1
Capacity: up to two passengers
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