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Vickers 61 / 63 / 74 Vulcan


In early 1921 design was initiated of the Vickers Vulcan transport, a biplane of 14.94m span with a deep oval-section fuselage completely filling the space between the equal-span wings. It accommodated the pilot in an open cockpit forward of the upper wing, with below and behind him a roomy enclosed cabin for six to eight passengers. To limit selling price to the minimum, the low-cost war-surplus 268kW Rolls-Royce Eagle VIII engine was installed in the first six aircraft (Type 61) to be completed, but as a number of performance problems were encountered the last two examples (Type 74) had the 336kW Napier Lion. One of the early production aircraft was completed as a cargo carrier (Type 63) for Air Ministry evaluation, but was subsequently reconverted as a passenger carrier and used with one other Eagle-powered and the two Napier Lion-powered aircraft by Imperial Airways on European service. Their very limited reliability meant the Vulcan had a short useful life, only one or two surviving in service beyond the mid-1920s.

Type 74
Engine: 1 x Napier Lion, 336kW
Max take-off weight: 3062 kg / 6751 lb
Wingspan: 14.94 m / 49 ft 0 in
Max. speed: 180 km/h / 112 mph
Passengers: 6-8

Vickers 61 Vulcan


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