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Farman MF.7 Longhorn


The Longhorn was used extensively for training purposes, and from 1912 the Maurice Farman-designed M.F.7 served with the French military as well as with many civil and military flying schools in France, Britain and elsewhere in Europe. French squadrons used Longhorns for reconnaissance duties until 1915.

It was an unequal-span, three-bay biplane, of two-spar wooden construction, with strut-braced extensions to the upper wing. Fabric covered the wings, cockpit nacelle and tail surfaces. The biplane tail unit had elevator on upper tailplane and twin rudders (no fixed fins0 carried on open wire-braced wooden booms. Additional front elevator carried on wooden twin-skid assembly. Two pairs of wheels were fitted.
Usually fitted with a 70-80 hp engines driving a pusher propeller. It was the prominent frontal elevator which led to the nickname "Longhorn".
Next to the French - who used it initially for reconnaissance duties with seven escadrilles and later for training - the best customers were the RFC and RNAS who received a large number from France and others were licence-built in the UK for training duties.





The Longhorn held many records including a distance record of 350 miles in a closed circuit in 1910 and duration records in 1911, 1912 and 1913. The 1913 record was 13 hr 22 min.

The type was built under licence in Britain at Bradford with 100 hp Sunbeam engines. French Longhorns had 70 and 80 hp Renault and others 75 hp Rolls-Royce Hawk engines.

A development of the Longhorn, with the elevator located behind the rudders, was appropriately known as the MF11 “Shorthorn”.


The 1913 MF.7ter, shown here on at Hendon airfield, was fitted with an 80 hp 8-cylinder De Dion-Bouton engine. This unique machine was an intermediate between the MF.7 and the MF.11, as the front elevator is omitted. The Americans used the term 'headless' to describe this type of machine. This machine was the private aeroplane of the Frenchman Marquis Larienty-Tholozan.



Farman MF 7 Longhorn
Engine: 1 x Renault, 51kW / 69 hp or one 100 hp Sunbeam
Max take-off weight: 855 kg / 1885 lb
Empty weight: 580 kg / 1279 lb
Wingspan: 15.5 m / 50 ft 10 in
Length: 11.5 m / 37 ft 9 in
Height: 3.4 m / 11 ft 2 in
Wing area: 60.0 sq.m / 645.83 sq ft
Max. speed: 90 km/h / 56 mph
Crew: 2


Engine: 70 hp Renault
Prop: 2 blade Wood pusher
Wingspan: 51 ft /15.4 m
Length: 37 ft 9 in / 11.35 m
Height: 11 ft 4 in / 3.45 m
Empty weight: 1280 lb
MTOW: 1835 lb / 855 kg
Max speed: 56 mph / 95 kph at SL
Ceiling: 13,123 ft / 4000 m
Endurance: 3 hr 30 min
Crew: 2





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