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FMA / Fabrica Militar de Aviones

Fabrica Militar de Aviones


Institute Aerotecnico

Industrias Aeronauticas y Mecanicas

DINFIA / Direccion Nacional de Fabricaciones e Investigaciones Aeronauticas



Originally founded in 1927 as the Fabrica Militar de Aviones SA (FMA), for aeronautical research and production at Cordoba.
The biggest aeronautical development and production center in Argentina was the Fábrica Militar de Aviones in Córdoba, an inland city 700 kilometers from Buenos Aires. The company first built airplaces (1929) and engines (1930) under license and later began building its own planes the Ae.C.1, a three-seated passenger plane with a covered cockpit.
Redesignated Institute Aerotecnico 20 October 1943.
As Industrias Aeronauticas y Mecanicas del Estado (IAME) formed March 28,1952 to take over State activities concerning military and civil aircraft, and incorporating the Institute Aerotecnico (formerly Fabrica Militar de Aviones). I.A.35 was twin-engined multipurpose monoplane; I.A.33 Pulqui II (first flown February 1951) a swept-wing jet fighter designed by Kurt Tank. Six Pulqui built 1955/56.
Nationalized 1957, with aircraft works at the Fabrica Militar de Aviones at Cordoba, under DINFIA (Direccion Nacional de Fabricaciones e Investigaciones Aeronauticas) name. Began with design and construction of IA 46 light aircraft, twin-engined transports IA 35, IA 45, the IA 38 four-engined tailless transport designed by Dr. Reimar Horten, and the IA 37, a small delta-wing aircraft. In 1966 began license construction of Cessna 182 and indigenous light turboprop and piston-engined transports.
Reverted to name FMA in 1968, becoming part of Area de Materiel Cordoba division of the Argentine Air Force.
December 1994 agreement between the Government of Argentina and Lockheed Aircraft Service Company to privatize FMA aircraft factory and maintenance depot at Cordoba, with Lockheed operating as the management organization from July 1995.
License-production 1927-1943 included Avro 504R, Dewoitine D.21 C, Bristol F.2B, Focke-Wulf Fw 44J, Curtiss Hawk 75. Indigenous designs included Ae.C-1 three-seat monoplane, Ae.C-2 trainer of 1932, Ae.T-1 fiveseater of 1933, Ae.C-3 light aircraft of 1934, and Ae.M- 01 built for Argentine Army. El Boyero two-seater built 1939-1940. Production of the IA.58 Pucara twin-turboprop COIN aircraft for Argentine Air Force ended in 1986. First flight of IA.63 Pampa advanced and weapon training jet trainer, and also for light attack, took place in October 1984.
In 1995 FMA was closed and privatized in 1995 to Lockheed Martin Corporation.
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