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Airbus A300-600ST Beluga




Special Aircraft Transport International Company GIE, formed October 1991 as joint venture between Aerospatiale of France and Daimler-Benz Aerospace Airbus of Germany to develop a successor to the Super Guppy outsized freighter used to carry large Airbus airliner assemblies between factories in Europe.

Resulting A300-600ST Super Transporter, known also as Beluga, based on A300-600R but with many important modifications including a completely new upper fuselage section to provide a freight hold of 24 ft 3 in (7.4 m) cross-section, with access via the largest door ever installed on an aircraft (upward-opening); cockpit moved forward and below cargo deck; new tailplane with endfins.


Airbus Beluga F-GXLH

The first A300-600ST Super Transporter flew on September 13, 1994, and after 335 test hours, was certified in October 1995. This aircraft went into service in January 1996. The second Beluga first flew on March 26, 1996 and the third on April 21, 1997 (last of five ordered for delivery in 2001). The Belugas took over the complete ferrying operations for Airbus major assemblies in October 1996.


The cockpit has been lowered to get a platform for easier loading, and the A300-600 is equipped with a 100% digital control system (fly-by-wire).  With its internal diameter of 7.62m, the Beluga can of carry a set of A340 wings or two pairs of wings for the A320.
Airbus A300-600ST "Beluga" F-GSTA


As Airbus Industries grew, its fleet of Belugas became no longer sufficient and as a result the XL model was developed with a 35% bigger capacity. The fuselage is almost 7m longer than the earlier version and wider than than of an A380. As soon as certified the Beluga XL flew from Bremen to Chester, UK, where Airbus wings are built. The XL is able to transport two A350 wings.
Beluga XL


Airbus / SATIC A 300-600 ST Beluga
Engine : 2 x General Electric CF6-80C2A8, 257463 N
Length: 184.245 ft / 56.158 m
Height: 56.562 ft / 17.24 m
Wingspan : 147.1 ft / 44.836 m
Max take off weight : 330750.0 lb / 150000.0 kg
Max. payload weight : 100327.5 lb / 45500.0 kg
Max. speed : 420 kts / 778 km/h
Range : 900 nm / 1666 km
Hold cap: 49,440 cu.ft



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