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Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-17 / I-330
Aero Vodochody S.104
WSK-PZL-Mielec LIM-5
WSK-PZL-Mielec LIM-6
Shenyang J-5


Early in 1949, in parallel with work on the SD (MiG-l5bis), the MiG OKB launched a more thoroughgoing redesign of the basic MiG-15 as the SI, alias 1-330. The SI was intended to afford improved transonic behaviour, achieved by mating the existing fuselage (forward of the rear frame of the engine plenum chamber) with a lengthened rear fuselage and an entirely new wing possessing better compressibility charac-teristics, having leading-edge sweep of 45 deg inboard and 42 deg outboard. A mark of identification was the MiG-17's three boundary layer fences on each wing.

The Klimov VK-l engine of the SD was retained, together with the armament of one 37-mm and two 23-mm cannon. The first prototype, officially flown on 13 January 1950, allegedly attained M 1.03, but crashed in March 1950. Following the loss of the first prototype, a second and further improved prototype took over, the test programme being completed on 20 June 1951 and series production being ordered as the MiG-17. Production began with a day fighter model (NATO `Fresco-A'), which retained the VK-1 engine.

The MiG-17 was preferred to the Yak-50 and entered service with the Soviet air force in its Fresco-A form during 1952. Its power-plant was a Klimov VK-1 turbojet producing 2700 kg (5950 lb) of thrust, the same as in the MiG-15 bis, and the armament was similar: one 37-mm (1.46-in) N-37 cannon and a pair of 23-mm (0.90-in) NR-23s, aimed with the aid of a simple gyro gunsight. Air-to-surface armament could also be carried in the form of four UV-8-57 pods each containing eight 5.5-cm (2.16-in) S-5 rockets, two 21-cm (8.26-in) rockets, two 250-kg (551-1b) bombs or 240-litre (53-Imp gal) drop tanks. The use of steel underwing beams allowed two rocket pods or bombs to be carried inboard, with drop tanks on the outboard pylons.




Fresco-B was the MiG-17P, flown as a prototype in 1951, fitted with an S-band- 'Izumrud' (Emerald) radar, known as Scan Fix in the West, with the main dish mounted on the intake splitter and the rang-ing element housed above in the lip discardingd the 37-mm cannon in favour of a third 23-mm weapon. The fuselage was lengthened by 127 mm (5 in) and the cockpit glazing was modified to cater for additional displays. In the event, production of the MiG-17P was to be limited pending availability of the afterburning VK-1F engine.

Experimental versions included the SN, a ground attack model of the VK-1-engined fighter, which, flown in November 1953, featured lateral air intakes and twin 23-mm nose-mounted cannon which could be hydraulically elevated or depressed (± 40 deg). Another, the SP-2 flown in 1951, was a limited all-weather version with a higher-powered Korshun (Kite) search radar and a twin 23-mm cannon armament. During the course of 1953, production of the MiG-17 gave place to the improved MiG-17F.

Availability of an afterburning version of the Klimov engine, the VK-1F offering 7,452 lb st (3 380 kgp) for three minutes, resulted in the SF, which, flown in 1951, was cleared for series production as the MiG-17F Fresco-C (Forsirovannyi, or, literally, “boosted”) in April 1953. Apart from a cut-back rear fuselage exposing the variable nozzle, the MiG-17F featured shorter and deeper air brakes; those on the new variants were larger than their predecessors, mounted in a different position on the fuselage and operated by external jacks.

Large-scale production of the MiG-17F was paralleled by production of the similarly-powered MiG-17PF limited all-weather fighter with a trio of 23-mm cannon and (from the 26th aircraft) the improved RP-5 Izumrud radar in a `bullet' radome at the centre of the nose air intake and in an extension on the upper lip of the intake. Subsequently, this S-band radar was superseded by an E/F-band version of `Scan Fix', which still gave neither a large antenna nor a wide angle of scan.

In 1953, gun armament was deleted from a MiG-I7PF and provision made for a quartet of K-S (ARS-212) beam-riding missiles mounted on underwing pylons, this version entering production in 1955 as the MiG-I7PFU (Usovershenstvovanny, or, literally, “improved”).

The MiG-17PF Fresco-D entered service in 1955 and was fitted with progressively improved versions of Izurnrud/Scan Fix, operating in X-band as well as the original S-band, and in the MiG-17PFU Fresco-E variant the gun armament was replaced by four beam-riding AA-1 Alkali air-to-air missiles carried on underwing pylons projecting forward of the leading edge. Some MiG-17s were fitted out for reconnaissance, with cameras in the forward fuselage and only two guns, and the type has increasingly been used for ground attack as it was replaced in the interception role.

The MiG-17PM (Nato Farmer D) being an all weather fighter carrying only air-to-air missles as armament.

Production of the MiG-17F and MiG-17PFU continued in the Soviet Union until 1958, and licence manufacture of the MiG-17F was initiated in 1957 in Poland as the LIM-5P (licencyjny mysliwiec, or “licensed fighter”), remaining in production until 1960. The MiG-17F was in service with that country’s Soviet-dominated air force in the late 1950s. The lead company, WSK-PZL-Mielec, also carried out design work on various modified versions, some greatly altered. Production continued until 1961. Dedicated reconnaissance and ground attack variants evolved designated LIM-5R and LIM-6.

Polish production of the MiG-17PF (LIM-5M) being initiated in 1959 and continuing until 1961. Dedicated reconnaissance and ground attack variants evolved in Poland were designated LIM-5R and LIM-6. Licence production was also undertaken of the MiG-17F (as the Jian5) and MiG-17PF (Jian-5A) by Shenyang in China commencing late 1956, and a uniquely Chinese tandem two-seat advanced training version was developed as the JT-5.


MiG-17 was license built China and known as Type-56, Dong Feng 101 and later is was dubbed J5 in Peoples Republic of China Air Force service. The first J5 prototype carried 'Zhong-0101'.
J5 prototype


Some Polish LIM-5P's were modified to LIM-5M standard by fitting additional fuel tanks and a twin-wheel main undercarriage with low-pressure tyres which retracted into a larger wing centre section built of reinforced plastics. A relatively small number were converted, but many others were upgraded to LIM-6 standard by introducing a braking parachute, rocket-assisted takeoff units and additional stores pylons. The LIM-6, together with the LIM-6bis having modified ordnance racks and the reconnaissance LIM-6R, remained in Polish service until replaced by the Su-20 Fitter-C.


The earlier model had been constructed as the Czech S.104.


1721 Mikoyan-Gurevich Lim-5 R 1C-17-21


Licence production was undertaken of the MiG-17F (as the Jian-5) and MiG-17PF (Jian-5A) in China commencing late 1956, and a uniquely Chinese tandem two-seat advanced training version was developed as the JT-5.

A total of 11,015 was built (including licence production). The last one was built in 1958 but the type was exported more widely than any other Soviet military aircraft. The Fresco was withdrawn from Soviet air force service in the late 1960s but soldiers on in many parts of the world, typical ground-attack weapons comprising 250-kg (551-1b) bombs, UV-16-57 rocket pods and S-24 rockets.



Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-17
Engine: 1 x Klimov VK-1 turbojet, 5,952 lbs thrust
Wing Span: 31 ft 7 in
Length: 36 ft 5 in
Height: 12 ft 6 in
Light weight: 8,646 lb
Loaded weight: 11,803 lb
Ceiling: 52,366 ft
Speed: 696 mph
Range: 1,290 miles (ferry)
Crew: 1
Armament: 2 x 23mm cannon, 1 x 37 mm cannon, 4 x 57mm rocket pods

Engine: 1 x VK-1F(N) turbo-jet
Wingspan: 9.6 m / 31 ft 6 in
Length: 11.4 m / 37 ft 5 in
Height: 3.8 m / 12 ft 6 in
Wing area: 22.6 sq.m / 243.26 sq ft
Max take-off weight: 5200 kg / 11464 lb
Max. speed: 1114 km/h / 692 mph
Ceiling: 15000 m / 49200 ft
Range: 2000 km / 1243 miles
Crew: 1
Armament: 1 x 37mm machine-guns, 2 x 23mm machine-guns, bombs or missiles

Engine: 1 x Klimov VK-1 turbojet, 5952 lb (later models) VK-1F, 4732 lb / afterburner-7452 lb)
Max speed, 692 mph (1114 km/h) at 6,560 ft (2 000 m)
Initial climb, 9,252 ft/min (47 m/sec)
Range (with max external fuel), 1,336 mls (2150 km)
Empty weight, 8,373 lb (3798 kg)
Loaded weight (clean), 11,468 lb (5202 kg)
Span, 31 ft 7 1/8 in (9,63m)
Length, 36ft l1 1/3 in (1l,26m)
Height, l2 ft5 5/8 in (3,80 m)
Wing area, 243.26 sq ft (22,60 sq.m)

MIG-17F ‘Fresco-C’

Type: single-seat fighter
Powerplant: one 3400-kg (7,495-lb) afterburning thrust Klimov VK-JF turbojet
Maximum speed 1145 km/h (711 mph) at 3000m (9,845 ft)
Initial climb rate 3900 m (12,795 ft) per minute
Service ceiling 16600 m (54,460 ft)
Range (with max external fuel): 1470 km (913 sm)
Empty weight: 4100 kg (9,040 lb)
Maximum take-off weight: 6700 kg (14,770 lb)
Wingspan 9.63 m (31 ft 7 in)
Length 11.09 m (36 ft 4½ in)
Height 3.35 m (11 ft)
Wing area 22.60 sq.m (243.3 sq ft)
Armament: three 23-mm NR-23 cannon, plus four AA-1 ‘Alkali’ missiles or up to 500 kg (1, 102 lb) of external stores.


Engine: 1 x Klimov VK-1 turbojet, 5952 lb (later models) VK-1F, 4732 lb / afterburner-7452 lb)
Wing span:  31 ft (9.45 m)
Length: 36 ft 3 in (11.05 m)
Height 11 ft (3.35 m)
Empty wt: 9040 lb
MAUW: 14,770 lb

Wing span: 31 ft (9.45 m)
Length: 36 ft 3 in (11.05 m)
Height 11 ft (3.35 m)
Empty wt: 9040 lb
MAUW: 14,770 lb

Wing span: 31 ft (9.45 m)
Length: 36 ft 3 in (11.05 m)
Height 11 ft (3.35 m)
Empty wt: 9040 lb
MAUW: 14,770 lb
Armament: 4 x AA-1 missiles.


Engine: Kumov VK1A turbojet
Seats: 1


Mikoyan/Gurevich MiG-17



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